Frozen in Time | Glacier City Gazette
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Frozen in Time

John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon in the first ever televised presidential debate.

Frozen in Time

A look back at the week that was…

By Emily Maxwell
Associate Editor

September 22 – President Abraham Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, setting the date for the freedom of more than 3 million enslaved in the United States for January 1, 1863. In the move, Lincoln effectively recasts the Civil War as a fight against slavery. – 1862

September 23 – William Henry McCarty, aka Billy the Kid, is arrested at the age of sixteen for the first time after stealing a basket of laundry. He later breaks out of jail and roams the American West, allegedly taking part in numerous robberies and murdering 21 people before his own death by gunshot at the age of 21. – 1875

September 24 – The Chicago 8 trial opens in Chicago for eight antiwar activists charged with responsibility for violent demonstrations at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The trial turns into a media circus as the defendants and their attorneys use the courtroom as a platform to attack Nixon and the Vietnam War. By the time the trial ends in February 1970, the defendants and their attorneys are found guilty of 175 counts of contempt of court and ordered to prison terms between two and four years. The sentences are later overturned. – 1969

September 25 – The Irish Republic Army (IRA) officially disarms itself, giving up its weapons in front of independent weapons inspectors with one Protestant and one Catholic priest in attendance. After more than 30 years of terrorist tactics and assassinations in Northern Ireland’s effort to resist British rule, the move is an important step towards peace in the long-troubled region. – 2005

September 26 – The first ever presidential debate is televised. Democratic Senator Massachusetts John F. Kennedy and Vice President Richard Nixon meet in Chicago to discuss U.S. domestic issues, with Kennedy the apparent winner, partly owing to his greater ease before the camera. While Nixon fares better in the following debates, Kennedy wins the election that November. – 1960

John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon in the first ever televised presidential debate.

Courtesy photo
John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon in the first ever televised presidential debate.

September 27 – Zsa Zsa Gabor, on trial for slapping police officer Paul Kramer, storms out of the courtroom in the middle of the district attorney’s closing argument. The prosecuting attorney tells the jury that Gabor “craves media attention…and abused two weeks of this process for her own self-aggrandizement.” Later that day, Gabor is convicted and sentenced to 72 hours in jail, 120 hours of community service and ordered to pay $13,000 in fines and restitution. – 1989

September 28 – Sir Alexander Fleming, a young Scottish bacteriologist, accidentally discovers penicillin when he notices a mold developed on a staphylococcus culture plate and created a bacteria-free ring around itself. The substance is the world’s first antibiotic and Fleming receives the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discovery. – 1928